Motion in limine

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motion in limine

偏見申し立て、予断防止申立、予備的証拠異議の申立

原告、被告、どちらが申し立ててもよく、本来は証拠の排除あるいは使用、 証人の有無などに関する申立です。
www.proz.com/kudoz/japanese_to_english/law_patents/

a usually pretrial motion that requests the court to issue an interlocutory order which prevents an opposing party from introducing or referring to potentially irrelevant, prejudicial, or otherwise inadmissible evidence until the court has finally ruled on its admissibility
 - Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law

(n) Motion In Limine is the representation made by the opposite party requesting the judge to disregard a particular evidence introduced by the other party on the ground of constitutional limitations there by retaining the position as if such evidences are not introduced.
-    http://www.legal-explanations.com/definitions/motion-in-limine.htm

A request submitted to the court before trial in an attempt to exclude evidence from the proceedings. A motion in limine is usually made by a party when simply the mention of the evidence would prejudice the jury against that party, even if the judge later instructed the jury to disregard the evidence. For example, if a defendant in a criminal trial were questioned and confessed to the crime without having been read his Miranda rights, his lawyer would file a motion in limine to keep evidence of the confession out of the trial.
- http://www.nolo.com/definition.cfm/Term

in limine
〈ラテン語〉=at the beginning
〈ラテン語〉=on the threshold
(英辞郎)
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